TIME IS, THOU HAST: SEE THAT THOU WELL EMPLOY;
TIME PAST IS GONE: THOU CANST NOT THAT ENJOY.
TIME FUTURE IS NOT, AND MAY NEVER BE;
TIME PRESENT IS THE ONLY TIME FOR THEE.
Over the door of a schoolmaster's house at Leyburn, Yorkshire.
Another version gives the first two lines thus:
"Time was, is past: thou canst not it recall;
Time is, thou hast: employ the portion small."
Over the church porch at Somersby, co. Lincoln, the parish where
Lord Tennyson's father was rector, and where the poet himself was
||TIME PASSETH AWAY LIKE A SHADOW.
With No. 36 in a garden at Dorking; on Isleworth church, with
No. 1631; it is on the porch of East Bergholt church, Suffolk; and can
be seen in Constable's picture of the church porch, now in the National
Gallery (East Anglian, N.S., 3,136).
TIME'S GLASS AND SCYTHE
THY LIFE AND DEATH DECLARE;
SPEED WELL THY TIME,
AND FOR THY END PREPARE.
Suggested as a dial motto by Mr. W. Osmond, of Salisbury.
||TIME STEALS AWAY: THE HOUR FLIES: SLOW BUT SURE: I STAY FOR NO MAN.
Round the capital of a small pedestal dial in the garden of Buckminster Hall near Grantham. On the dial plate and base of the shaft
are other mottoes. See Nos.
||TIME THE DEVOURER OF ALL THINGS.
On a dial made by H. Bon, 1689, seen in a shop in London.
WE SHALL –
On a dial which originally stood in the garden at Carville Hall, the
teaching of the motto being enforced by the position of the house,
which stands midway between Newcastle and the sea, overlooking the
Tyne. Carville Hall is now the property of J. Wigham Richardson,
Esq., and he has presented the dial to the members of the Newcastle
Society of Antiquaries, who have placed it upon the roof of the Norman
keep of the Castle. The following description of the dial has been
given by the Rev. J. R. Boyle: "The dial stone is an oblong slab, two
sides of which are parallelograms, and two are rhomboids. This rests
upon an upright pillar. The dial slab lies in the
plane of the earth's equator. On its upper surface is
a north polar dial, which will show the time from the
vernal to the autumnal equinox. On its under surface is a south polar dial, which will show the time
from the autumnal to the vernal equinox. On the
vertical sides of the dial are four erect direct dials,
facing exactly the four quarters of the earth. The
dials are all graduated to half hours. I have placed
the dial in the meridian of the castle of Newcastle. It
will therefore show, when the equations of time are
applied, not Greenwich, but local time. On the north
side of the stone is a shield bearing two bends and a
crescent for difference, impaling, ermine, a chevron engrailed." The latter are the arms of John Cosyn, who
built Carville Hall, and died in 1662. He was
buried at All Saints, Newcastle. The Hall is also
called Cosyns House. The date 1667 is engraved on
the pillar of the dial, and it was probably erected by
John Cosyn's son-in-law, to whom the coat-of-arms
evidently belonged. The motto is placed just above
the north polar dial; the word "dial" being, of
course, required to complete the sense of the inscription.
TIME TRIES ALL.
CN. GC. 1890.
On a horizontal dial made by F. Barker and Son, London.
||TIME WASTED IS EXISTENCE, USED IS LIFE. 1828.
These lines from Young's "Night Thoughts" (Night II) are over
the porch of the church at Hutton-Buscel, Yorkshire. The same idea
is expressed by Herrick.
"Long have I lasted in this world 'tis true,
But yet these years that I have lived, but few.
Who by his grey hairs doth his lustres tell,
Lives not those years, but that he lives them well.
He lives, who lives to virtue, men who cast
Their lives to pleasure do not live but last."
TIME WASTES OUR BODIES AND OUR WITS,
BUT WE WASTE TIME AND SO WE'RE QUITS.
These lines, altered to fit the size of the stone, are on a vertical
dial placed, in 1880, on the farm buildings at Camphill, Yorkshire, by
G. J. Serjeantson, Esq. The couplet was written by Dr. Roget and is
called "The Retaliation,"
"Time wastes us all, our bodies and our wits,
But we waste Time, so Time and we are quits."
The old proverb, "A stitch in time saves nine," is cut on the same dial.
||TIME WILL SHOW.
On a house at Down, in Kent.
||TIMETE DOMINUM QUIA VENIT HORA JUDICII.
Fear God, for the
hour of judgment is come. Rev. xiv. 7.
At Morges, Val d'Aosta.
||TIMETE MORTALES. Fear, ye mortals.
At Vindrac, near Cordes (Tarn).
||TIMOR MIHI CRESCIT IN HORAS. My fear groweth hour by hour.
In the Rue des Petits Champs, Paris.
||'TIS ALWAYS MORNING SOMEWHERE IN THE WORLD.
The line is from Horne's "Orion," and was formerly on the West
Pier, Brighton, with other mottoes. See No. 391.
TO ΣHMEPON MEΛEI MOI,
TO Δ'AϒPION TIΣ OIΔE;
To-day is my care, but of to-morrow who knows?
Inscribed on the base of a dial pedestal at Whatton Abbey, Yorkshire. The lines are from Anacreon, Ode XV., 1. ix.
TOI QU'ANNONCE L'AURORE, ADMIRABLE FLAMBEAU,
ASTRE TOUJOURS LE MÊME, ASTRE TOUJOURS NOUVEAU,
PAR QUEL ORDRE, SOLEIL! VIENS TU DU SEIN DE L'ONDE
NOUS RENDRE LES RAYONS DE TA CLARTE FÉCONDE?
O Sun whose advent Phosphor's wondrous glow,
Star ever constant, ever fresh, doth show,
Who bids thee leave the ocean's breast, once more
On us thy quickening beams of light to pour?
At Les Hières (Hautes Alpes) with Nos.
1613, and date 1806.
||TORNA IL SOLE, NON IL TEMPO. The sun returns, not so time.
On the wall of the cloister of St. Stefano, Belluno, now used as
public offices. See No. 1247.
TORNA L'OMBRA COL SOL CHE RINASCE
NON GIA L'UOM DI CUI MORTE SI PASCE.
The shade returns with Phœbus to new birth;
Man, once Death's prey, is seen no more on earth.
On the oratory of Sta. Marta, Pavone Canavese, Prov. of Turin.
TORNA, TORNANDO IL SOL, L'OMBRA SPARITA,
MA A NOI NON TORNA MAI L'ETA FUGGITA.
When comes the sun the vanished shade appears,
But ne'er to us return our vanished years.
These lines are given in "Notizie Gnomoniche," as suitable for a
dial motto, and are attributed to Rancati.
A dial at Bologna, near the Church of the Misericordia, has a motto
almost identical with the above; and another version appears on the
Oratory of Sta. Marta, Pavone Canavese, with other mottoes (see
1435). A third version was formerly on the Dogana at
Isella, on the Italian frontier, but has now disappeared. Compare
||TOT TELA QUOT HORÆ. So many hours, so many darts.
On St. Anne's Chapel, near Clermont-en-Argonne, with No. 1516.
||TOTO MICAT ORBE. He shines over the world.
Place unknown. "Bull. Mon.," 1877.
||TOUT PASSE. All passeth.
In the garden of the Presbytére at Montjoie (Ariège).
||TOUT PASSE ICI BAS. All passeth here below. M. Praderes. Maire. 1830.
On the south wall of the Church of Durban (Ariège), beside an old
graveyard. The words are nearly obliterated.
TOUT PASSE ICI, RIEN NE DEMEURE,
LA VIE FINIT AINSI QUE L'HEURE.
All things move onward, Nothing here abides.
Man's life is like an hour that quickly glides.
At Crépy-en-Valois, with No. 1551.
||TOUTEI MATTRASS0UN, LA DARRIERO ENSUCO. (TOUTES BLESSENT,
LA DERNIÉRE ASSOMME.) All wound, the last slays.
At Montmeyran, near Varages (Var).
||TRUDITUR DIES DIE. Cezar fecit. 1783. Day by day is thrust
From Horace, Carm. II. 18. 15. At Beaurepaire (Isère).
||TRANSEUNT DIES TUI. 1586. Thy days are passing.
At Ilminster, on the Grammar School, which is now a girls' school.
The date probably refers to the building, rather than to the dial.
||TRANSEUNT ET IMPUTANTUR. 1714. They pass and are reckoned.
On the Cistercian abbey of Vallette (Corrèze); and on the Priory
of St. Croix near Eu (Seine Inférieure).
NON SUM QUALIS ERAM.
They pass. I am not as I was.
From Horace. At Chévry-en-Sereine (Seine-et-Marne).
||TRANSIBUNT ET AUGEBITUR SCIENTIA. They shall pass, and
knowledge shall increase.
On the house once occupied by Cuvier at the Jardin des Plantes,
||This mysterious looking dial is painted on a house at Valcrosia,
near Bordighera. The rebus forms the motto, TRANSIS UT UMBRA.
The note "si" followed by the letter "s" makes "sis"; the next note
is "ut," or, as it is now called, "do";
but ut was the original use of the inventor of the Solfeggi, Guido d'Arezzo,
a Benedictine monk. He formed it
from the first syllable of each line of a
hymn to St. John the Baptist, which
"Ut queant laxis
Re sonare fibris," etc.
It is not easy to see how the first
two letters of umbra are obtained, perhaps un is taken from the numeral one,
and the single stroke which follows
this makes n into m. We can offer
no interpretation of the cipher below
the hour lines.
||TRANSIT HORA LUX PERMANET. The hour passes, the light
Near the Grand Theatre, Nice, on the quay.
||TRANSIT HORA, MANENT OPERA. The hour passes, the deeds
On the courtyard of the Evêché at Blois are two large vertical
dials, one bearing the above motto, and the other No. 250. The dials
are covered with lines showing the solstices, equinoxes, and feasts of
the Church; the signs of the zodiac are also given.
TRAPASSA LA SUA VITA IN UN MOMENTO
COME FUMO, BALEN, SOGNO, OMBRA, O VENTO.
Sol. 143. 5, Matt.
Thy life in one brief moment all is past –
Like to dust, lightning, dreams, a shade, a blast.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche."
||TRAVAILLEZ, CAR LE TEMPS S'ENFUIT. Work, for time flies.
At Le Bez (Hautes Alpes), on a dial made by Zarbula, about
||TPEXEI A'ΠAϒΣTOΣ. It runs without stopping.
IL COURT EN POSTE. Time rides post.
On the wall of an inn at Izeaux (Isère).
||TRIFLE NOT, YOUR TIME'S SHORT. 1775.
At Milton, near Gravesend. So says Sir Walter Scott:
"Nay, dally not with Time, the wise man's treasure,
Though fools are lavish on't. – The fatal Fisher
Hooks souls, while we waste moments."
||TRISTIS ERAT SINE SOLE DOMUS. Sad was the house without the sun.
At Montauban (Tarn et Garonne).
TRUE AS THE DIAL TO THE SUN
ALTHOUGH IT BE NOT SHONE UPON.
The lines are from Hudibras, and the dial is on the south aisle of
Halifax Church, Yorkshire. The names of William Roberts, John
Illingworth, Robert Abbott, and John Sutcliffe, churchwardens, are
inscribed upon it. Another dial, probably older than this one, crowns
the gable of the south porch.
TU AVANCE A GRADE PAS VERS L'HEURE DE
TON TREPAS, MON EGUILLE MONTRE LE
CIELLE ET LA TERRE, DE PENCER AUX
DEUX C'EST TON UNIQUE AFFAIRE. (sic.)
Thou advancest with rapid strides towards the hour of thy death, my
needle points out both heaven and earth, it is for thee to think upon them.
On the church of St. Nicolas du Tertre (Morbihan).
||TU LES COMPTES, ELLES FUIENT. 1569. 1692. 1857. Thou countest them, they fly.
At Virieu (Isère). The two latter dates are those of the renewal of
||TU NUMERI L'ORE MA NON SAI L' ORA DELLA MORTE. Thou countest the hours, but thou knowest not the hour of death.
At Vigo, near Pinzola.
TU, QUAMCUNQUE DEUS TIBI FORTUNAVERIT HORAM,
GRATA SUME MANU; (NEU DULCIA DIFFER IN ANNUM).
Whatever happy hour Providence has allotted thee, grasp it with
grateful hand, and put not off its pleasures till the coming (next) year.
From Horace's Epistles, Bk. I., Ep. XI., lines 22, 23, and inscribed
on the eastern face of a double dial on the Château de Preuilly (Seine
et Marne). On the west is No. 1191.
TU SEMPRE E QUANDO MUORI, E QUANDO NASCI,
OMBRE SOLE RITRUOVI, ET OMBRA LASCI. (Paoli.)
A shade thou leavest in thy earliest breath;
Shades and nought else thou findest in thy hour of death.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche."
TU SORTIRAS QUAND CE CADRAN
MARQUERA L'HEURE ET LE MOMENT.
Thou shall go forth when this dial shall show the hour and the
It is stated in Delaure's "History of Paris" that the above lines
were inscribed by one Charnel of Châlons, above a dial which he traced
on the wall of his prison in the Bastille, and adorned with a Death's
head and cross bones.
||TUA HORA RUIT MEA. The hour which is mine, destroys what is
In the cloister of the old Franciscan convent at Cimiez, near Nice
(see No. 233). The Latin of the motto is monkish; ruo is treated
as an active verb, and the dial, as usual, is supposed to speak.
||TUA LATET. Thine (hour) is hidden.
On the church of Cahahons (Pyrenées Orientales), which was once
||TVAM NESCIS. Thou knowest not thine (hour).
On a house in Palermo; and also on the cathedral clock at Monreale.
TVVS EST DIES, ET TVA EST NOX,
TV FABRICATVS ES AVRORAM ET SOLEM.
The day is Thine, and the night is Thine,
Thou hast prepared the light and the sun. – Ps. lxxiv. 17.
On a vertical dial on Maxey Vicarage, Northamptonshire, erected by
the Rev. W. D. Sweeting. His initials, W. D. S., are on the stone,
while the date, 1881, forms part of the copper support of the gnomon,
so that the figures can be read backwards or forwards, and both in the
morning and the afternoon the shadow gives the date of the erection of
||TURRIS MEA DEUS. God is my stronghold.
At the Château de Virieu (Isère).
||TUTTE LE COSE PERISCONO, IO SONO IMMORTALE. All things perish, I am immortal.
At Diano Castello, on the Riviera.
TYME PASSETH AND SPEKETH NOT,
DETH COMETH AND WARNETH NOT,
AMENDE TO-DAY AND SLACK NOT,
TO-MORROW THYSELF CANNOT.
The above lines are inscribed round the four sides of a very beautiful old dial pillar at Moccas Court, Herefordshire. The dial belongs
to the lectern-shaped class, and bears dials of various shapes in cup-like
hollows, heart shaped, triangular, square, besides others on plain surfaces (see Chapter VI, p. 99). Between and around them five other
mottoes are carved, Nos.
On the north side, beneath the signs of the planets, is "Domus
Planetarum Philippus Jones."
The dial which now belongs to the Rev. Sir George Cornewall,
Bart, is thought to have been made in the reign of Charles II., and
was first set up at Mornington Court (on the opposite side of the Wye),
the property of the Tompkins family. When this property came into
the possession of the Cornewalls, the dial was brought to Moccas.
||TYME TRYETH TROTHE.
On a dial in the village of Cradley, near Malvern; and also on an
old dial plate mounted on an embossed draining tile at Oatlands Park,
||VBI. VMBRA. CADIT. 1803. When the shadow falls.
At Betenoud (Isère), round the gnomon. A second motto – LE
CIEL EST MA REGLE is also on the dial.
||ULTIMA DECIDIT. 1848. B. A. F. The last (hour) will
On a house at Ventimiglia.
||ULTIMA FORSAN. Perhaps the last (hour).
Seen in Switzerland on a house; and also in the Piazza S. Domenico, Bologna; and at St. Rémy (Bouches du Rhône).
||ULTIMA FORTE TIBI. Perchance it is thy last hour.
At La Rivière (Isère).
||ULTIMA LATET. The last (hour) is hidden.
With No. 1313 on a country house near Noyon (Oise). Also at the
angle of the cloister beneath the belfry of the Franciscan convent at
Cimiez. See Nos.
1618. Mr. Howard
Hopley read this inscription in 1873, and adds that "when the old
monk tolled the Angelus, the dial was half in gloom, and the evening
hours were shrouded in shade." The motto is also at Alagna, and in
several villages in the south-east of France, and was in 1707 above a
goldsmith's shop in Paris. ULTIMA LATET HORA is at Névache (Hautes
Alpes), dated 1785.
||ULTIMA LATET ET OBSERVANTUR OMNES. The last hour is hidden,
and all are watched.
On an eighteenth-century dial in the court of
the Séminaire at Autun.
||ULTIMA MULTIS. The last (hour) to many.
On an old Romanesque church at St. Béat
(Hautes Pyrenées). The dial is on the belfry tower,
beside a clock. Also at Champagnier (Isère).
||ULTIMA NECAT. The last (hour) kills.
At Spotorno; and at Bordighera; also on the
house of the "Gardien des Ruines," at Port Royal
des Champs; and on the church at Roscoff.
||ULTIMA PROPERAT. The last hour hastens.
On the church of Villeneuve-la-Guyard (Yonne).
||ULTIMA TERRET. 1768. The last hour terrifies.
At Beaufort (Isère).
||ULTIMAM COGITA. Think on the last hour.
On the old Château of Vendôme. ULTIMAM MEDITARE, with the
same meaning, is on the church at Biol (Isère).
||ULTIMAM NESCIS. Thou knowest not the last hour.
Formerly in a court of the Gobelins, Paris.
||ULTIMAM PERTIMESCAS HORAM. 1804. Thou greatly fearest the
On the church of St. Pierre, Moissac (Tarn et Garonne).
||ULTIMAM TIME. Fear the last hour.
At St. Germain la Blanche Herbe, with No. 77; also at Rouen;
and in villages of the Departments Haute Garonne and Isère. TIME
ULTIMAM is on the church tower at Verdun (Ariège).
||UMBRA DEI. The shadow of God.
On the cross-dial at Elleslie, near Chichester (see No. 104); and
on Dymock Church, Gloucestershire.
UMBRA DIURNA FUGIT,
NON ITA VITA REDIT.
The daily shadow flies, but life doth not like it return.
At Roches (Loire Inférieure).
||UMBRA DOCET. The shadow teaches.
Once on Brighton pier (see No. 391). Baron de Rivière quotes
from the "Magazin Pittoresque," 1873, that "in the east of France
one may still see in the interior of several sixteenth or seventeenth
century houses great bricks set in the wall which have been engraved
before being fired, and serve as sun-dials." On one of these the motto
UMBRA DOCET was inscribed, and a basket of flowers was painted on
the wall below.
✠ UMBRA FACIT CERTAS HABITANTIBUS HORAS.
Sculptor perpetuis cernens diem polleat suis.
The shadow maketh known the hours to the dwellers here.
On one of two dials now placed on the transept wall of the church
of Notre Dame, Châlons-sur-Marne. It has been suggested that the
second Latin line may be rendered Let the sculptor as he marks the
day, be famous for his ever-abiding works. (His Latinity will never
bring him fame!)
||UMBRA FUGIT PRAECEPS VITAE MORS IMAGO. The shadow flieth
headlong, death is the likeness of life.
On the church of Formigny (Calvados).
||UMBRA LABITUR, ET NOS UMBRAE. The shadow glides away, and
we are shadows.
Once on Glasgow Cathedral, with Nos.
942. It has now been
inscribed on a dial at Inch House, Midlothian, which was once at
Craigmillar. See No. 72.
||UMBRA LATET. The shadow is hidden.
On the curé's house, Recoing (Isère).
||UMBRA LEVIS TRANSIT, ET TU TRANSIBIS IPSE. The shadow
guickly passes, and thou thyself shalt pass.
||UMBRA MONET UMBRAM. Shade warns shade.
That is – the dial warns man. For a similar thought see No. 1503.
The above motto was communicated by Sir Frederick Elliot.
UMBRA PERIT, VOLAT HORA, DIES FUGIT, OCCIDIT ANNUS.
STAT NIHIL ET STAT HOMO QUI VELUT UMBRA FUGIT.
The shadow perishes, the hour flees, the day flies, the year dies.
Nought stands fast, yet man, who flieth like a shadow, remains.
Locality not known.
| I. UMBRA PULSAT.
||2. NON AURI SED OCULO.
|The shadow strikes.
||Not for the ear but for the eye. |
For sight – not sound.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche."
||UMBRA! QUID ASPICIS? UMBRAM. Shadow! what seest thou? A shadow.
At Krinan, Canton St. Gall, Switzerland.
||UMBRA REDIBIT HOMO NUNQUAM. The shadow will return, mankind will never return.
At La Rivière (Isère).
||UMBRA REGIT. The shade bears rule.
On a house at La Verrerie, near Carmaux (Tarn).
||UMBRA SUMUS, 1739. We are a shadow.
On the north side of a cubical stone dial at Brympton, near Yeovil;
there are dial-faces on all the four sides, and on the south side No. 966
is inscribed. It is mounted on a shaft and crowned by a ball, and has
been placed upon the terrace at Brympton by the present owner, Sir
Spencer Ponsonby Fane. It was previously on the top of the kitchen
garden wall. The motto has also been read on the churches of St.
James, Parkham; SS. Mary and Gregory, Frithelstock, Devon; and
on the parish church, Maidstone.
||UMBRA SUMUS – TAMEN HIS AEVUM COMPONITUR UMBRIS. We are
a shadow – yet time is made up of such shadows.
Mr. Spencer Butler, Seaford, Surrey, writes: "I wanted to combine in one line the two ideas, that though we are fugitive like the dial
shadow, yet like the dial shadows, in the aggregate we make up the
space of time or eternity. The best shape I could give to the idea was
the above line. I had on a south wall an ugly patch of cement where
a summer-house had been. A friend suggested fixing an iron rod
against it in a line pointing to the north pole. The dial was painted
grey with a black border, the figures red.
UMBRA TEGIT LAPSAS PRAESENTIQUE IMMINET HORAE,
DUM LUX DUM LUCIS SEMITA VIRTUS AGAT.
Ere yet the threatening shade o'erspreads the hour,
Hasten, bright virtue, and exert thy power.
On a dial in the garden at Brynbella, near St. Asaph, where Mrs.
Piozzi lived. She says in her "Autobiography," vol. ii., p. 345, "Dr.
Robert Gray, who wrote the new book that every one is reading, wrote
the lines under our sun-dial at Brynbella." The house was designed
by Piozzi, and built some years after Dr. Johnson visited Wales. He
stayed at another house on Mrs. Piozzi's property.
||UMBRA TIBI SOL MIHI. Shade to thee, sun to me.
At the convent of the Dames de Nevers, at Mirepoix. (Ariège).
UMBRA VIDET UMBRAM
A shadow marks the shadow.
Live to day.
On a pedestal dial at Bradford Peverell House, near Dorchester.
The inscription is somewhat defaced. The dial was possibly erected
by George Purling, Esq., about 1815-20, when the garden was laid
out. The correspondent who sent the motto points out that the
"umbra" spoken of is evidently the man whose "days are as a shadow,"
(Pythia, viii. 95). The same mottoes are
on the tower of Broughton-Gifford Church, near Melksham, where
there are two dials, but only one of them is inscribed (see No. 1506).
UMBRAE TRANSITUS EST TEMPUS NOSTRUM.
S. Sykes fecit. Decem. 22, 1790.
Our time is the passing away of a shadow.
On a house-dial at Wentworth, Yorkshire; also at Cuers (Var),
Moutiers (Savoy); on the house of the parish priest at Bousson, Prov.
of Turin; and on the church of S. Crocifisso, Pieve di Cadore (see
1548). UMBRAE TRANSITUS EST VITA NOSTRA has been
read on a church at Palermo.
||UMBRAM DUM SPECTAS REFUGIT REVOLUBILE TEMPUS. Whilst
thou lookest at the shadow, on-rolling time escapes.
In Alderley Churchyard, Cheshire.
||UMBRAM VIDET UMBRA. Shadow seeth shadow.
This motto is on one of two window-dials at Groombridge Place,
Kent; the second bears No. 682. They are quite small, and the fly,
which rather resembles a beetle, is painted on them. The house was
built in the reign of Charles II., by Mr. Packer, on the ruins of an older
mansion, which had succeeded to a still older castle. The present house
was designed by Wren, and the dials are probably of the seventeenth
century, and may have been seen by Evelyn, who mentions the house
in his diary.
In the charming old-world garden at Groombridge the two mottoes
again appear, round the base of a pedestal on which is mounted a
horizontal dial, inscribed, "1716, Nath. Witham Londini fecit." The
pedestal is modern, of red sandstone, and was copied from a fine one
at Chilham Castle, Kent.
||UNA DABIT QUOD ALTERA NEGAT. One hour will give what the next denies.
At Aups (Var); and, with the last two words transposed, was
formerly on the Duc d'Enghien's house at Chantilly, the fine palace
lately bequeathed by the Duc d'Aumale to the Institut de France.
UNA DI QUESTE T' APRIRA LE PORTE
DI VITA LIETA, O DI SPIETATA MORTE.
One of these hours shall open thee the gate.
Of blissful life, or of relentless fate.
On the wall of a convent at Nervi; the motto was read and translated by Dean Alford.
||UNA HARUM VITAE HORARUM ERIT ULTIMA. 1814. One of these
hours will be the last of life.
On a church near Queen Hortense's Château of Arenemberg. The
dial is circular in form. Time with his scythe is in the centre, and over
him, a sun, from which issues the gnomon. It was sketched in 1866.
||UNA MANET. One hour remains.
Formerly at St. Lazaire, Paris.
UNA QUAQUE HORA INVENIAT
TE PINGENTEM AETERNITATEM. Z. G. F. 184O.
Let every hour discover thee, reflecting on eternity.
At St. Véran (Hautes Alpes).
||UNA TIBI. Thou hast but one.
On a seventeenth century house at Montauban.
||UNA UMBRA ET VAPOR EST HOMINUM VITA. Man's life is at once
a shadow and smoke.
There is a curious device on this sun-dial, which stands in Helston
Churchyard, Cornwall. It represents St. Michael, robed, winged, and
with rays of glory round the head, standing betwixt two gate-towers,
and driving his spear into a
dragon at his feet.
||UNAM RAPITE. Grasp one hour.
At Paray-le-Monial, with
four other mottoes.
||UNAM SPERA. Hope for
At the top of a house in
||UNAM TIME. Fear one
On a brass pocket sun-dial in the collection of the Clockmakers'
Company, made by T. Menant, Paris, 1743; on a house at St. Pierre,
and also at Sierre, Canton Valais; on the Château de Grignan (Drôme);
at Gass; and in several villages in France. It is on a chapel dedicated
to St. Anne, near Clermont-en-Argonne, with No. 1437. The place is
a great resort for pilgrims, and in addition to the mottoes on the dial
there are several texts inscribed on the walls, relating to death and
judgment. Over the door of a hermitage the following words can be
read at noon round a sun made of copper-gilt: "Oriens ex alto. Deus
nobis hæcce ostia fecit" – Arising from on high. God hath made us this
doorway. On the church at Stazzano, Piedmont, UNAM TIMEO – I
fear one hour, is inscribed on a sun-dial.
One hour suffices.
At Arandon (Isère).
||UNICUIQUE SUA EST. For every man is his hour.
Formerly on a dial in the Court of the Séminaire at Autun.
UNITED IN TIME, PARTED IN TIME,
TO BE REUNITED, WHEN TIME SHALL BE NO MORE.
On a fine facet-headed dial, designed and erected by Lady John Scott,
at Cawston Lodge, near Rugby, in 1863. It was partly copied from
the dial in the King's garden at Holyrood, which Charles I. presented
to Queen Henrietta Maria. The pillar is mounted on two steps, and
near the base are the Scott arms and the Spottiswood arms – Lady
John Scott being Alice, the eldest daughter of John Spottiswood, Esq.,
of Spottiswood, co. Berwick. In separate panels round the lower part
CAWSTON LODGE, RUGBY.
of the pillar are engraved "John and Alice Scott"; "A Bellenden," the
old Border war-cry of the Scotts of Buccleuch; "Amo," one of their
mottoes; "Best riding by moonlight," their ancient Moss-trooping
motto; and "Patior ut potiar," the Spottiswood motto. The dial
mottoes, the crests of the two families, and the monograms of Lord and
Lady John Scott are
carved in corresponding panels at the upper part of the pillar,
the top being encircled by a serpent,
the emblem of eternity.
||UNUM ARRIPE PUNCTUM. Seize one moment.
At Gentilly, near
||URBIS HORAM DOCTIOR LINEA MONSTRAT. The learned
line showeth the city's hour.
On the church of
St. Vittore, Milan.
USE THE PRESENT TIME
REDEEM THE PAST
FOR THUS UNCERTAINLY
THE NIGHT OF LIFE APPROACHES.
In Aldingham churchyard, Lancashire.
USE WELL THE PRESENT MOMENTS AS THEY FLEET,
YOUR LIFE, HOWEVER SHORT, WILL BE COMPLETE,
IF AT ITS FATAL ENDING YOU CAN SAY:
I'VE LIVED AND MADE THE MOST OF EVERY DAY.
In the churchyard at Waterfall, Staffordshire.
||USQUE HUC CRESCIT. Even so far there is increase.
At Béziers. This motto has also been recorded as USQUE HUC
VENIET, Till hither shall he come, the meaning of both seems to be that
the course of the shadow is limited.
||UT CUSPIS SIC VITA FLUIT DUM STARE VIDETUR. Life flies on
like an arrow, while it seems to stand still.
In the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, and, with the omission of the word
"sic" at the Jesuits' College, Clermont-Ferrand.
||UT FLOS VITA PERIT ET VELUT UMBRA FUGIT. Life perishes like
a flower, and like a shadow flees.
At the Hameau du Chatelard (Isèegrave;re).
||UT HORA FUGIT VITA. K.C. 1675. Life flies as an hour.
On Cortachy Church, Forfarshire.
VT HORA PRAETERITA SIC FUGIT VITA. 1612. A. B.
As the hour that is past, So doth life fly.
Engraved on a horizontal dial, in the possession of Colonel
Fishwick, at The Heights, Rochdale. Lancashire. The motto has
been placed, with No. 939, on a large vertical dial on the offices of the
Brighton and Sussex Provident Society, North Street, Brighton.
UT HORA SIC FUGIT VITA. 1578.
As an hour, so doth life fly.
Painted in old English letters above the south door of King's
College Chapel, Cambridge. The motto is now nearly illegible. Tradition attributes the dial to Dr. John Cowell, the jurist, who was
educated at King's, and became Professor of Civil Law. He died 1611.
||UT HORA SIC VITA. Life is as an hour.
It may fairly be said that this is the most common of all mottoes
in England. One of the earliest dated examples is that of Ashurst
Church, Kent, where it is cut in relief below a diamond-shaped dial of
stone on the porch. The dial is dated 1643, and there is the further
inscription, "Sir Iohn Rivers made this." Below the dial is the date
1621 and a shield with the Rivers arms in a sunk panel. A horizontal
dial on a plain shaft in the churchyard is inscribed "Elias Allen made
this diall and gave it to the parish of Ashurst, Ano. Domini 1644."
Elias Allen, a diallist, died 1654.
The same motto is on a curious carving, representing a death's
head, and winged hour-glass over the porch of Sheepstor Church,
Devon, with Mors janua vitæ and Anima resurget, 1640, but no traces
of numerals or gnomon are to be seen. A small stone dial which was
formerly on the church porch at Stanhope, co. Durham, and has now
ASHURST CHURCH, KENT.
been moved to the chancel wall, bears this motto, the date 1727. It
was put up when Bishop Butler was rector. His "Analogy" was
written while he lived at Stanhope. In 1828 Mrs. Gatty sketched the
dial on the porch gable of Felton Church, Northumberland, which had
the same motto, and date 1724; and it has also been read on the church
porch of Heddon-on-the-Wall, Northumberland; on Whitton le Wear
Church, dated 1773; and Jarrow Church, co. Durham; on the porch
of Methwold Church, Norfolk, with the
gnomon projecting from the sun's face,
and the names of "Rich. Clarke, Rich.
Younge, Junr. churchwardens, 1721";
on St. Giles' Church, Sidbury, Devon;
on the church porch, Chapel-en-le-frith,
Derbyshire, 1871; on Hatford Church
(No. 123); and on St. Patrick's Church,
Patrick, Isle of Man (see No. 864); and
with No. 1342, in Acton churchyard,
Cheshire; in Eyam Church. See No. 511.
The motto may also be seen on a
horizontal dial mounted on an octagonal
shaft in Adel churchyard, near Leeds;
it is engraved on a scroll with the name
of "J. Munn, Ebor. fecit ex donatu.
1682." About the same time Mr. Munn
made a vertical dial for Almondbury
Church, which is now on the south wall
and bears his name and the date 1682;
as well as a horizontal one for Woodsome Hall in the same neighbourhood
in 1683. The same motto is on both
these dials. It is also on a dial-plate in
the churchyard of Wath, near Ripon,
supported by what appears to have been part of the shaft of a cross.
The names "Thos. Browne, Geo. Yeats, 1735" have been carefully cut
on the side. It is on the Almshouse at Ormsby, Yorkshire, dated
1724; at Menwith Hill (Nos.
1147); and Thorp Perrow (No. 1396)
in the same county, at Brougham Hall (No. 875) and at Marrington
Hall (No. 1394).
"Ut hora sic vita" is likewise on the south front of Callaly Castle,
Northumberland, dated 1676. The arms of the Clavering family,
owners of the estate for several centuries, are on the same façade. It
is at Gibside House, near Newcastle. The arms of Bowes and
Blakeston, and the dates 1620 and 1805 are also on the hall, the first
showing the date of its erection, and the latter of its restoration. The
motto is on a house at Neasham, co. Durham; and according to a
statement of the Rev. R. V. Taylor in the "Yorkshire Post" was, with
date 1672, upon a dial which formerly stood at Wooldale, near Holmfirth, in front of an old house. The plate was fastened upon a curious
pillar of rudely hewn stones, which bore some resemblance to a house
clock and was known by the name of "Old Genu's dial," or "Genu's
clock." An engraving of it is in Morehouse's "History of Kirkburton." The pillar has been removed and the dial erected on the wall
of an outbuilding. It bears the initials H. G. and S. H., supposed to
be those of the sculptor and the owner.
The same words are engraved on a horizontal dial dated 1630,
which came from an old garden at Dereham, in Norfolk. The gnomon
is pierced with the initials I. S., probably those of the first owner.
The dial is now placed on an oak post in the garden of Woodburn,
The motto appears to have been a favourite one in the Isle of
Man, for it is found on a thin slate dial face now in Mr. Wallace's
museum at Distington, near Whitehaven, but which there is reason to
believe once belonged to Sautan Church, Isle of Man; and also on a
bronze dial plate found on a rubbish heap near the Albert Brewery at
Ramsey, and which in 1889 was in the possession of a tailor in
Ramsey named Corkhill.
Lastly, "Ut hora sic vita" is inscribed on the clock which was
placed in 1859 on the tower of Hoole Church, Lancashire, as a
memorial of Jeremiah Horrox, who discovered the transit of Venus
when he was curate at Hoole in 1639.
||UT JUGULENT HOMINES, SURGUNT DE NOCTE LATRONES. Robbers arise at night to murder men.
From Horace, Epistles I., ii. 32, on a dial at the entrance of a
||UT RUIT UNDA FUGAX SIC NOSTRA ILLABITUR AETAS.
flying water rushes on, so glides away our age.
At the Séminaire, Vesoul.
VT SOL ITA MVNDVS
Rich . Bankes . couentriensis fecit . 1630.
As the sun, so is the universe.
On a beautifully engraved horizontal dial plate belonging to the
Duke of Sutherland, and placed on a pedestal at Lilleshall Manor,
Salop. The arms of "Leuison" and "Duddeley" (which names are
inscribed above the shield) with their crests, one of which is the historic
Bear with the ragged staff, are also on the plate, which is square though
the dial is circular. The corners are filled with finely engraved designs,
and there is the further inscription: "Restored 1896 by F. Barker,
||UT UMBRA DECLINAVERUNT. They have gone down as a shadow.
At Trafiume, near Cannobio, Lago Maggiore.
||UT UMBRA SIC FUGIT VITA. As a shadow so life doth fly.
On a metal dial which was formerly on the Town House, Aberdeen;
but has now been placed on the Municipal Buildings, built on the same site
thirty years ago. The bracket of the gnomon is an ornamental design
in wrought iron, and the gnomon springs from a radiant sun on the face.
||UT UMBRA SIC VITA. As a shadow so is life.
On a dial, dated 1695, at Morden College, Blackheath; also at
Morvah Church, West Cornwall, with the date I-29 partially defaced.
It is engraved, too, on one of the four corner pinnacles of the churchyard wall at Sleights, near Whitby. Here the motto is below the dial,
which faces south. On the east side of the same pinnacle is another
dial with the date 1761, and initials R. T. B. and G. B. It was in this
year that Robert and Tabitha Bower built the church. The same
words are on the church porch at Torpenhow, Cumberland; at Ridley
Hall, Northumberland, with No. 45, and Hartest Church, Suffolk.
They may be read on the Red Lion Inn, Fenny Compton, which bears
the date 1600; also near Baslow, with other mottoes; at Derwent Hall,
with No. 24; at Shaftesbury, Dorset; and at Barnes Lodge, King's
Langley (see No. 161). UT UMBRA SIC VITA was also on the dial, now
defaced, on the old hall, Gainsborough, with No. 188, and is on a
diamond-shaped dial face, which in 1889 was lying dismounted in the
garden of Flotterton House, near Rothbury. At the top of the plate
the face of the sun-god is engraved with the motto below it; the date
1773 and the initials T. W. also appear on the plate. The latter are
supposed to stand for John Weallans, but as the family of Weallans
only became possessed of the house early in the present century, they
probably brought the dial from some other place.
||UT UMBRA, SIC VITA TRANSIT. As a shadow so doth life pass.
On a glass dial in a window of Election Chamber, Winchester
College. The shape of the dial is an oblong square, set in an oval
frame of richly-coloured glass. The motto is on a scroll in the centre
of the upper half of the pane which forms the plate, and at one corner
is the mysterious fly already noticed, see No. 248. Bishop Henry
King, writing in the seventeenth century, says:
"What is the existence of man's life?
It is a dial which points out
The sunset as it moves about:
And shadows out, in lines of night,
The subtle changes of Time's flight;
Till all obscuring Earth hath laid
The body in perpetual shade."
||UT UMBRA SUMUS. 1573. As a shadow are we.
On Cordell's Hospital, Long Melford, Suffolk. It also occurs on
an old house at Edmonton.
||UT VITA FINIS ITA. 1652. As the life is so is its end.
On the tower of Chelsea Old Church. The dial has lately been repaired, and also the brick tower. Sir Thomas More lies buried in the
||UT VITA SIC FUGIT HORA. The hour passes away like life.
On the second chapel of the Sacro Monte at Orta: and on a large
diagram of a sun dial in "Rudimenta Mathematica," by Sebastian
Münster (Basle, 1551).
||UT VITA SIC UMBRA. As life so is the shadow.
On a house at Kirby Moorside, dated 1833: on one of the dial
faces at Thorp Perrow, Yorkshire (see No. 1396); and at Elleslie,
Chichester (see No. 104).
||UTERE DUM LABITUR. Employ it while it glides on.
At Les Tilleuls, near Perpignan.
||UTERE DUM LYCET (sic). Use it while it (time) is given.
Formeriy on a dépendance of the Convent de la Merci, Paris, but
this no longer exists. Compare No. 240.
||UTERE DUM NUMERAS. Employ, while thou countest them.
No locality assigned.
||UTERE, FUGIT. Use it, it flies.
At La Roquette, near Castelnaudary (Aude).
||UTERE NON NUMERA. 1809. Employ them, count them not.
At St. Foy (Savoy).
||UTERE NON REDIT HORA. Employ the hour, it returneth not.
On the Quai des Théatins, Paris, in 1787.
||UTERE PRAESENTI MEMOR ULTIMAE. Use the present hour, mindful of the last.
On the Church of S. Crocifisso, Pieve di Cadore, see No. 442; at
Strevi; on the Lycée, formerly a Jesuit college, at Montpellier: and at
St. Blaise du Bois (Isère), dated 1786. The first two words, with "D. C. S. 1784" are in the garden of the Hôtel de Rochegarde, Albi
(Tarn); at the Grand Séminaire at Aix in Provence; and in the
garden of the Hospital of St. Jacques at Besançon, with other mottoes.
See No. 75.
||UTERE PRAESENTI NAM VELUT UMBRA, TEMPUS FUGIT. Employ
the present time, for like a shadow, it flees.