A Celebration of Women Writers


This Country of Ours: The Story of the United States
by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall (1876-1941).
New York: George H. Doran Company, 1917.

This book may be viewed as a single file or chapter by chapter.


[Frontispiece]


THE DEPARTURE OF THE MAYFLOWER
With tears streaming down their faces the Pilgrims
knelt upon the shore and saw the Mayflower go.


[Title Page]

THIS COUNTRY
OF OURS

The Story of the United States

by
H. E. MARSHALL

AUTHOR OF "OUR ISLAND STORY," "OUR EMPIRE STORY,"
"A HISTORY OF FRANCE," ETC.

WITH PICTURES IN COLOUR BY
A. C. MICHAEL

NEW YORK
GEORGE H. DORAN COMPANY


COPYRIGHT, 1917,
BY GEORGE H. DORAN COMPANY

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


TO
PEGGY STEWARDSON
AND ALL THE OTHER CHILDREN, BIG AND LITTLE,
WHO MADE MY SOJOURN IN THE UNITED STATES
A TIME OF HAPPY MEMORIES


PREFACE

DEAR PEGGY,

Four years have come and gone since first you asked me to write a Story of the United States "lest you should grow up knowing nothing of your own country." I think, however, that you are not yet very grown up, not yet too "proud and great" to read my book. But I hope that you know something already of the history of your own country. For, after all, you know, this is only a play book. It is not a book which you need knit your brows over, or in which you will find pages of facts, or politics, and long strings of dates. But it is a book, I hope, which when you lay it down will make you say, "I'm glad that I was born an American. I'm glad that I can salute the stars and stripes as my flag."

Yes, the flag is yours. It is in your keeping and in that of every American boy and girl. It is you who in the next generation must keep it flying still over a people free and brave and true, and never in your lives do aught to dim the shining splendour of its silver stars.

Always your friend,

H. E. MARSHALL.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

During my residence in California the Trustees of the A. K. Smiley Library, Redlands, with charming hospitality procured for me (sometimes sending the whole breadth of the continent for them) the many books necessary for the writing of this sketch of American history. Without this courtesy and kindness on their part it would have been impossible for me to continue my work while in California, and it gives me much pleasure thus publicly to acknowledge my indebtedness to them.

H. E. MARSHALL.


CONTENTS

PART I
STORIES OF EXPLORERS AND PIONEERS

1. HOW THE VIKINGS OF OLD SOUGHT AND FOUND NEW LANDS
2. THE SEA OF DARKNESS AND THE GREAT FAITH OF COLUMBUS
3. HOW COLUMBUS FARED FORTH UPON THE SEA OF DARKNESS AND CAME TO PLEASANT LANDS BEYOND
4. HOW COLUMBUS RETURNED HOME IN TRIUMPH
5. HOW AMERICA WAS NAMED
6. HOW THE FLAG OF ENGLAND WAS PLANTED ON THE SHORES OF THE NEW WORLD
7. HOW THE FLAG OF FRANCE WAS PLANTED IN FLORIDA
8. HOW THE FRENCH FOUNDED A COLONY IN FLORIDA
9. HOW THE SPANIARDS DROVE THE FRENCH OUT OF FLORIDA
10. HOW A FRENCHMAN AVENGED THE DEATH OF HIS COUNTRYMEN
11. THE ADVENTURES OF SIR HUMPHREY GILBERT
12. ABOUT SIR WALTER RALEIGH'S ADVENTURES IN THE GOLDEN WEST

PART II
STORIES OF VIRGINIA

13. THE ADVENTURES OF CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH
14. MORE ADVENTURES OF CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH
15. HOW THE COLONY WAS SAVED
16. HOW POCAHONTAS TOOK A JOURNEY OVER THE SEAS
17. HOW THE REDMEN FOUGHT AGAINST THEIR WHITE BROTHERS
18. HOW ENGLISHMEN FOUGHT A DUEL WITH TYRANNY
19. THE COMING OF THE CAVALIERS
20. BACON'S REBELLION
21. THE STORY OF THE KNIGHTS OF THE GOLDEN HORSESHOE

PART III
STORIES OF NEW ENGLAND

22. THE STORY OF THE PILGRIM FATHERS
23. THE FOUNDING OF MASSACHUSETTS
24. THE STORY OF HARRY VANE
25. THE STORY OF ANNE HUTCHINSON AND THE FOUNDING OF RHODE ISLAND
26. THE FOUNDING OF HARVARD
27. HOW QUAKERS FIRST CAME TO NEW ENGLAND
28. HOW MAINE AND NEW HAMPSHIRE WERE FOUNDED
29. THE FOUNDING OF CONNECTICUT AND WAR WITH THE INDIANS
30. THE FOUNDING OF NEW HAVEN
31. THE HUNT FOR THE REGICIDES
32. KING PHILIP'S WAR
33. HOW THE CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT WAS SAVED
34. THE WITCHES OF SALEM

PART IV
STORIES OF THE MIDDLE AND SOUTHERN COLONIES

35. THE FOUNDING OF MARYLAND
36. HOW NEW AMSTERDAM BECAME NEW YORK
37. HOW A GERMAN RULED NEW YORK
38. PIRATES!
39. THE FOUNDING OF NEW JERSEY
40. THE FOUNDING OF PENNSYLVANIA
41. HOW BENJAMIN FRANKLIN CAME TO PHILADELPHIA
42. THE FOUNDING OF NORTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA
43. WAR WITH THE INDIANS IN NORTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA
44. THE FOUNDING OF GEORGIA

PART V
STORIES OF THE FRENCH IN AMERICA

45. HOW THE MISSISSIPPI WAS DISCOVERED
46. KING WILLIAM'S WAR AND QUEEN ANNE'S WAR
47. THE MISSISSIPPI BUBBLE
48. HOW A TERRIBLE DISASTER BEFELL THE BRITISH ARMY
49. THE END OF FRENCH RULE IN AMERICA
50. THE REBELLION OF PONTIAC

PART VI
STORIES OF THE STRUGGLE FOR LIBERTY

51. THE BOSTON TEA-PARTY
52. PAUL REVERE'S RIDE–THE UNSHEATHING OF THE SWORD
53. THE FIRST THRUST–THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL
54. THE WAR IN CANADA
55. THE BIRTH OF A GREAT NATION
56. THE DARKEST HOUR–TRENTON AND PRINCETON
57. BURGOYNE'S CAMPAIGN–BENNINGTON AND ORISKANY
58. BURGOYNE'S CAMPAIGN–BEMIS HEIGHTS AND SARATOGA
59. BRANDYWINE–GERMANTOWN–VALLEY FORGE
60. WAR ON THE SEA
61. THE BATTLE OF MONMOUTH–THE STORY OF CAPTAIN MOLLY
62. THE STORY OF A GREAT CRIME
63. A TURNING POINT IN THE WORLD'S HISTORY

PART VII
STORIES OF THE UNITED STATES UNDER THE CONSTITUTION

64. WASHINGTON FIRST IN WAR, FIRST IN PEACE
65. ADAMS–HOW HE KEPT PEACE WITH FRANCE
66. JEFFERSON–HOW THE TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES WAS DOUBLED
67. JEFFERSON–HOW THE DOOR INTO THE FAR WEST WAS OPENED
68. JEFFERSON–ABOUT AN AMERICAN WHO WANTED TO BE A KING
69. MADISON–THE SHOOTING STAR AND THE PROPHET
70. MADISON–WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN
71. MONROE–THE FIRST WHISPERS OF A STORM–MONROE'S FAMOUS DOCTRINE
72. ADAMS–THE TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS
73. JACKSON–"LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER"–VAN BUREN–HARD TIMES
74. HARRISON–THE HEROE OF TIPPECANOE
75. TYLER–FLORIDA BECOMES A STATE
76. POLK–HOW MUCH LAND WAS ADDED TO THE UNITED STATES
77. POLK–THE FINDING OF GOLD
78. TAYLOR–UNION OR DISUNION
79. FILLMORE–THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
80. PIERCE–THE STORY OF "BLEEDING KANSAS"
81. BUCHANAN–THE STORY OF THE MORMONS
82. BUCHANAN–THE FIRST SHOTS
83. LINCOLN–FROM BULL RUN TO FORT DONELSON
84. LINCOLN–THE STORY OF THE FIRST BATTLE BETWEEN IRONCLADS
85. LINCOLN–THE BATTLE OF SHILOH AND THE TAKING OF NEW ORLEANS
86. LINCOLN–THE SLAVES ARE MADE FREE
87. LINCOLN–CHANCELLORSVILLE–THE DEATH OF STONEWALL JACKSON
88. LINCOLN–THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG
89. LINCOLN–GRANT'S CAMPAIGN–SHERIDAN'S RIDE
90. LINCOLN–SHERMAN'S MARCH TO THE SEA–LINCOLN RE-ELECTED PRESIDENT
91. LINCOLN–THE END OF THE WAR–THE PRESIDENT'S DEATH
92. JOHNSON–HOW THE PRESIDENT WAS IMPEACHED
93. GRANT–A PEACEFUL VICTORY
94. HAYES–GARFIELD–ARTHUR
95. CLEVELAND–HARRISON–CLEVELAND
96. MCKINLEY–WAR AND SUDDEN DEATH
97. ROOSEVELT–TAFT
98. WILSON–TROUBLES WITH MEXICO
99. WILSON–THE GREAT WAR


ILLUSTRATIONS

THE DEPARTURE OF THE "MAYFLOWER"
THE LANDING OF THE VIKINGS
THE VOYAGE OF COLUMBUS
THE CROWNING OF POWHATAN
WILLIAM PENN'S TREATY WITH THE INDIANS
LA SALLE TAKES POSSESSION OF LOUISIANA
THE DEATH OF WOLFE
WASHINGTON TAKING LEAVE OF HIS OFFICERS
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, THE GREAT EMANCIPATOR
HIGH TIDE AT GETTYSBURGH


Editor: Mary Mark Ockerbloom

This book has been put on-line as part of the BUILD-A-BOOK Initiative at the
Celebration of Women Writers.
Initial text entry and proof-reading of this book were the work of volunteers at
Ambleside Online.

Please note that numbering of chapters has been modernized for the convenience of modern readers. The original chapters numbers followed the convention I, II, III ... XCIX. With this exception, the original style and layout have been recreated.

Editor: Mary Mark Ockerbloom