A Celebration of Women Writers

Canadian Poets.
Edited by John William Garvin, 1872-1934.
Toronto, Canada: McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart, Publishers, 1916.

This online edition is dedicated to my grandmother,
Florence May Bowland, (later Houston),
who received this book as a gift in April, 1917,
and gave it to me on my twenty-first birthday.


[Title Page]


Chosen and Edited by

Editor of 'The Collected Poems of Isabella Valancy Crawford'

illustration of a book





[Page 5]

Editor's Foreword

ALMOST simultaneously with the Great War, has come a renaissance of Poetry, which is significant of that law of balance by which the heart turns instinctively from the terror and confusion of devastating human emotion, to the purity of a clearer and serener air.

Poetry, at its height, implies beauty and the driving force of passion. It implies also the austerity and emotional restraint which means spiritual strength, and it is, primarily, to the inherent strength of this Art which faces and pictures the truth in nature and human nature, that the people have turned in times past and will turn in times to come.

This volume contains brief but inclusive records of fifty men and women to whom song has come first. Many of their poems are indigenous to the soil,–vitally, healthfully Canadian; others are tinged with the legendary and mythical lore of older lands; but all are of Canada, inasmuch as the writers have lived in this country, and have been influenced by its history and atmosphere at a formative period of their lives. Among them, one ventures to think, there are world voices.

A recent reading of the published verse of Bliss Carman, has convinced me that he must soon be more widely recognized as a poet of preëminent genius. He is greater than some of more extended fame for the reason that his poetry expresses a nobler and more comprehensive philosophy of life and being. Bliss Carman has achieved more greatly than many others of this generation, because he has realized more fully than they that the Infinite Poet is constantly and eternally seeking media for expression, and that the function of a finite poet is to steadily improve the instrument, to keep it expectantly in tune, and to record the masterpieces.

It seems strange to look back upon the time–thirty-three years ago–when a successful Ontario educator felt justified in the statement that Canada had no national literature worthy of the name, and never would have until the country became an independent nation,–with no shackling colonial ties. At the very moment that such a declaration and prophecy was made, Roberts had begun his brilliant career as a writer, [Page 6]  Isabella Valancy Crawford was preparing for publication Old Spookses' Pass, Malcolm's Katie, and Other Poems, Charles Mair was thinking out the construction of his great drama, Tecumseh, and Lampman, Campbell, the two Scotts, Seranus and Bliss Carman were ambitiously fingering the chords. And to-day Canadians have no doubt of their national independence, are prouder than ever of their integral position in the British Empire, and have a school of verse, characterized by freshness, spontaneity, originality of theme and good artistry, that would reflect distinction on the literary genius of any civilized people.

The criticism that "most of the poetry of our day seems to have buried itself in obscurity," is not applicable to the verse of Canada. Even though much of it is highly imaginative and descriptive and sometimes profoundly reflective, the work of Canadian poets is exceptionally free of obscurity, or carelessness in artistic utterance. Love of Nature has been their chief source of inspiration; but themes based on love of humanity and man's kinship with the Infinite Life, have steadily gained of late in number and potency, and the Great War must necessarily arouse a more intense interest in human and divine relationships.

About thirty of the articles in this volume,–revised and improved for book publication–have appeared during the last three years in the Public Health Journal, of Toronto.

My thanks are due to the poets and the critics who have so graciously facilitated the preparation of this volume, and to the following owners of copyrights: the living poets included; Mrs. W. H. Drummond; McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart, Toronto; J. M. Dent & Sons, Toronto; S. B. Gundy, Toronto; The Globe Printing Company, Toronto; The Methodist Book and Publishing House, Toronto; Mitchell Kennerly, New York; Small, Maynard & Company, Boston; The Musson Book Company, Toronto; Sherman, French & Company, Boston; Little, Brown & Co., Boston; G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London; The Copp, Clark Co., Limited, Toronto; Morang & Co., Toronto; Canadian Magazine; Windsor Magazine; Atlantic Monthly; Metropolitan Magazine; University Magazine and Poetry.

Toronto, Canada.
  November 1st, 1916.

John W. Garvin.

[Page 7] 


Editor's Foreword 5
Charles Sangster 9
Charles Mair 19
Isabella Valancy Crawford 33
Charles G. D. Roberts 47
Archibald Lampman 61
Frederick George Scott 75
Wilfred Campbell 87
George Frederick Cameron 101
Bliss Carman 109
S. Frances Harrison 123
Duncan Campbell Scott 133
E. Pauline Johnson 145
E. W. Thomson 157
Ethelwyn Wetherald 167
William Henry Drummond 177
Jean Blewett 189
Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton 197
Helena Coleman 205
Thomas O'Hagan 213
Elizabeth Roberts MacDonald 221
Albert D. Watson 227
Isabel Ecclestone Mackay 237
Tom McInnes 247
Helen M. Merrill 259
[Page 8]  
Dr. J. D. Logan 265
Annie Campbell Huestis 273
Alan Sullivan 281
Alma Frances McCollum 289
Peter McArthur 295
Marjorie L. C. Pickthall 305
Arthur Stringer 313
Katherine Hale 323
Robert Norwood 331
Marian Osborne 341
Albert E. S. Smythe 347
L. M. Montgomery . 353
Robert W. Service 359
Florence Randal Livesay 371
Theodore Goodridge Roberts 377
Grace Blackburn 383
George A. Mackenzie 389
Gertude Bartlett 395
William E. Marshall 399
Norah M. Holland 407
Father Dollard 413
Laura E. McCully 421
Lloyd Roberts 429
Beatrice Redpath 437
Alfred Gordon 443
Virna Sheard 451
J. Edgar Middleton 459
Arthur S. Bourinot 463
Index 467

Editor: Mary Mark Ockerbloom