BARNES HALL, SHEFFIELD.
||DILIGE DOMINUM DEUM TOTO CORDE.
Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart (Deut. vi. 5).
At Moccas Court. See No. 1469.
||DILIGENTIBUS PATRIAM FAUSTA.
Happy this hour to them that love their country.
At Eyguières (Bouches du Rhône).
||DILIGITE DILIGENTIAM IN MUNERE VESTRO.
Love diligence in your office.
On the hospital at Milan.
||DISCE BENE VIVERE ET MORI.
Learn to live and die well.
"Erected by the Corporation of Conway. Robert Wynne Jr Esq.
Alderman; Hugh Williams & John Nuttall Bailiffs. 1761."
On a pedestal dial in Conway
||DISCE DIES NUMERARE TUOS.
Learn to number thy days.
On an old school-house at Wortley,
near Sheffield; at Dirtcar House, Wakefield, with No. 1172; and also on a large vertical stone dial
in the kitchen garden at Barnes Hall, near Sheffield. The date upon this dial is 1738, and without doubt it was
the handiwork of a very remarkable man, Samuel Walker, of Masbrough. He was of humble origin, born in the
parish of Ecclesfield, and began life as a parish schoolmaster and a
dial-maker. When fixing this
identical dial at Barnes Hall, then occupied by Sir William Horton, that
gentleman remarked to a friend, "Sam Walker will on day ride in his carriage." The words were prophetic, for in a few
years Walker had laid the foundation of the largest ironworks in the country at
Masbrough, near Rotherham, and his descendants have since occupied and still
maintain a good position as country gentlefolk. See No. 248.
The first three words of this motto,
with the date 1744, are on the wall of Arundel Church, Sussex.
||DISCE MORI MUNDO.
Learn to die to the world.
Seen on Batley church porch,
Yorkshire, in 1879.
||DISCITE JUSTITIAM, MONITI.
Learn justice, being warned.
This motto, from Virgil, Æn. vi. 620,
is on a dial in the Middle Temple.
Professor Beckmann, in his "History of
Inventions and Discoveries," says: "On the side of New Palace Yard, which is
to Westminster Hall, and in the
second pediment of the new buildings from the Thames, a dial is inserted with
this remarkable motto upon it:
justitiam moniti, which seems most clearly to relate to the fine imposed on
Radulphus de Hengham being applied to the paying for a clock." The professor proceeds to state
that the dial was fixed exactly where Strype describes the clock-house to have
Blackstone tells the well-known story,
how Chief Justice Ralph Hengham – "a very learned judge to whom we are obliged
for two excellent treatises of practice" – out of mere compassion for a very
poor man, altered a fine of 13s. 4d. to 6s. 8d., and was
consequently fined 800 marks by King Edward I., which were expended in building
a clock-house to regulate the sittings of the Courts. This sovereign, who has been styled the Justinian of
England, did so much to reform the Courts, that Sir Matthew Hale says, "that
more was done in the first thirteen years of his reign to settle and establish
the distributive justice of the kingdom, than in all the ages since that time
put together." We may consider
that the present clock tower at Westminster, from which "Big Ben" gives forth
his loud utterances, is a more than sufficient substitute for that which Judge
Hengham's name is associated.
||DISEGNA LE ORE SENZA FAR ROMORE.
A silent sign denotes the hour.
Seen on the Italian Custom House at
Fornasette, in 1866, with No. 175.
Adopted in 1899 for a dial erected by George W. Sidebotham, Esq., M.D.,
at Broughton Astley Hall, Leicestershire.
He has designed and calculated the dial, and inclined the plate so as to
allow the gnomon, which is at right angles to it, to correspond with the
latitude. The dial faces north,
and XII (noon) is at the lowest point.
In the outer circle, opposite the names indicating the degrees of
longitude, appear the names of a number of places, most of which were visited
by Dr. and Mrs. Sidebotham during a recent tour round the world. The chief interest of the dial is this,
that if at any given time they wish to know what o'clock it is at some other
place named in the circle, all that need be done is to rotate the dial until
the named place reaches the zero mark, when the shadow gives the required hour.
||DIVIDIT UMBRA DIEM.
The shadow divides the day.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche."
||DO, SI SOL.
I give (the hour) if the sun (does).
On the façade of the Château
||DO TO-DAY'S WORK
Placed on a dial at Golder's Hill,
Hampstead, by the late Sir Spencer Wells, Bart. In connection with this motto we may recall a saying of the
Duke of Wellington recorded by Earl Stanhope: "We
talked," he writes, "of Gurwood's
publication (the 'Wellington Dispatches') and I expressed my astonishment that
the Duke should have been able to write so many letters in the midst of active
operations." He said: "My rule has always been to do the
business of the day in the day." 1
||DOCE, DISCE, AUT DISCEDE
Teach or learn
Or out you turn.
| ||On the school porch at Shepey Magna,
Leicestershire. Comp. No. 81.
||DOCET UMBRA. 1700.
A large vertical dial of stone on the
Dutch Church in Austin Friars, London, bears this motto. This Church, founded for the Friars
Eremites of St. Augustine, was after the Dissolution granted by Edward VI. to
the fugitives from the Netherlands, A.D. 1550. For a few months the church was used both by the French and
Dutch congregations, but the number of refugees increased so greatly that
another building was given for the use of the French. Both churches were closed during the reign of Mary, but
re-opened when Elizabeth came to the throne, and Austin Friars has remained in
the possession of the Dutch ever since.
The motto has a singular appropriateness, but the church is now so
surrounded by high offices that neither the building nor the dial can be seen
to advantage, and the motto is scarcely legible.
||DOMINE, DOCE NOS RECTE COMPUTARE MOMENTA
NOSTRA, ET HABERE COR
APPLICATUM AD SAPIENTIAM.
Lord, teach us
to number our days rightly, and to apply our hearts unto wisdom. –
Psalm xc. 14.
This text appears with two other
394, on a beautiful engraving of a portable cross-dial in
Johann Gaupp's "Tabulæ Gnomonicæ,"
||DOMINE, USQUE AD
thou remainest until evening.
Formerly on a country-house at Ivry.
||DOMINUS ILLUMINATIO MEA.
The Lord is my light. – Ps. xxvi. I.
The motto of the University of
Oxford. It has been inscribed with
No. 1200, by George Yarding, Esq., on a double semi-cylindrical dial which is
on a pedestal in his garden at Fellside, Snaresbrook. The dial was brought away in 1828 from an old house, and was
1 "Conversation with the Duke of
Wellington," Murray, 1889.
||constructed by a scientific man
who had lived there. See
Illustration, p. 105. The above
test was formerly on a dial in the garden of the Petits Pères, Place des Victoires,
||DONA PRÆSENTIS CAPE LÆTUR HORÆ.
the gifts of the present hour.
From Horace, Odes, Bk. iii. 8,
27. This was formerly with No. 116
on the convent at Grands Augustins at Paris, and is still on the Franciscan
convent at Cimiez, Nice, with others;
1618; also Gières (Isère); and at the
Hameau de Chatelard à Réaumont (Isère); and in the garden of the Hospital of St. Jacques at Besançon (see No. 75).
Until the day.
On a dial erected by the late Rev.
Samuel J. Bowles in his rectory garden at Beaconsfield, Bucks. The motto was possibly abbreviated from
Canticles, ii. 17:
Donec aspiret dies et
DOUZE HEURES MESURENT LE JOUR,
FINIRA TON SÉJOUR?
Twelve hours make the day,
will end your stay?
| ||On a dial in the Musée Lorrain,
Bar-le-Duc. See No. 1006.
DUBIA CUNCTIS ULTIMA MULTIS
CUNCTIS, SI SAPIAS,
HORIS VIGIL, ESTO VIATOR,
EXTREMAMQUE TIBI SEMPER
man knoweth what this hour may bring, to many a man it is his last; Traveller, if thou be wise be watchful
at all hours, and ever think thy last at hand.
On a dial which is now in the Musée
lapidaire at Beaune. There is a
futher inscription, see No. 1007, and the date 1786.
||DUBIA MULTIS CERTA OMNIBUS.
to many, certain to all.
At the Lycée, formerly a Jesuit
college, at Cahors; also at Aups (Var).
||DUBIA OMNIBUS ULTIMA
MULTIS. Doubtful to all, the last to many.
Copied in 1861, at Grasse; and in 1869
from the church at Cambo (Basses Pyrenées).
||DUM FUGIT UMBRA, QUIESCO.
While the shadow flees, I am at
Inscribed by M. de Fieubet, counsellor
of state to Louis XIV., on a dial on his country house. See No. 975. The motto was formerly with No. 233 on the convent of the
Grands Augustins, Paris; and is found at Le Poët, Vallouise (Hautes Alpes).
||DUM LICET UTERE.
While time is given, use it.
Is on a dial in the courtyard of the
old Castle at Stazzano, near Serravalle Scrivia, in the province of
Alessandria, North Italy. The
castle is now a priests' school.
The expression is used by Seneca:
"Quis sapiens bono
Confidat fragili? dum licet utere:
Tempus te tacitum subruet, horaque
Semper praeteritâ deterior subit."
SENECA, Hippol. 775.
||DUM LICET ET VEROS ETIAM NUNC
DISCITE EUNT ANNI MORE FLUENTIS AQUÆ. – 1623, II. Dec.
While time is granted, and even now ye set forth
that are real, Learn ye, years pass by like running water.
At Kenmure Castle. See No. 49.
||DUM LOQUIMUR FUGERIT
CARPE DIEM QUAM
MINIME CREDULA POSTERO.
While we speak the envious time will have
the present day, and put but little faith in the next.
Over the door of Dingley Rectory,
Northants. The dial is dated 1703;
it records the hours from II to VII only. There is a second dial-face placed at right-angles on the
side of the house, and this gives the morning hours, but it has no motto.
||DUM LUCEM HABETIS,
CREDITE IN LUCEM.
While ye have
light, believe in the light. – St. John, xii. 36.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche."
||DUM NOS MORAMUR,
MENSES ANNOSQUE DIESQUE
OBREPIT TACITO MORS INOPINA GRADU,
QUÆ FERET ÆTERNUMVE
DIEM NOCTEMVE PROFUNDAM,
SÆPIUS HÆC NOBIS EST MEDITANDA DIES.
While we pursue our folly, death unawares
with silent step creeps on, devouring days and months and years: death,
which will bring us either eternal day or the depths of night: oft should
we think upon the day.
On an engraving of a sun-dial in
Ritter's "Speculum Solis," 1652.
DUM PETIS, ILLA FUGIT,
QUID ASPICIS, FUGIT.
While thou seekest to know the hour, it has
beholdest thou? – it is gone.
On a house in the Rue de Lille, Paris.
||DUM PROFICIT D(EFICI)T.
While (time) gains, it loses.
Seen in 1861 in the cloisters of the
Cathedral at Chambéry. The
Dum Spectas Fugio.
reader may amuse himself by
supplying the illegible word to his own taste. A friend suggests deficit, which seems most probable. See No. 847.
||DUM SOL NON LUCET OPUS EST PATIENTIA.
Thou must be patient while the sun shines not.
This, with Nos.
394, is on the
engraving of a portable cross-dial in Johann Gaupp's "Tabulæ Gnomonicæ," 1708.
||DUM SPECTAS FUGIO.
Whilst thou lookest I fly; so doth life.
In a three-sided bay-window over a
shop in the High Street, Marlborough, is a handsomely illuminated glass dial of
oval shape, which nearly occupies four of the twelve panes that compose the
projecting centre of the window, and which is inscribed with this motto. A golden scroll on a red ground
surrounds the dial face, in the centre of which is a fly, so beautifully
depicted that you can hardly believe it is not a real insect incorporated in the
glass as in amber, for it is not perceptible to the touch. There was no gnomon when the sketch was
taken (circa 1863), for singularly
enough it had been destroyed by lightning. At Winchester College there is also the fly in a similar
glass dial; and likewise at Lacock Abbey, North Wilts. In Leadbetter's "Mechanick Dialling"
many of the plates of dials have a fly figured; it is supposed that the
introduction of the fly is meant for a punning suggestion of the thought, "May
(the hours) fly."
The dial at Marlborough attracted the
attention of Messrs Britton and Brayley, and is mentioned by them in the
"Beauties of England," vol. i. (1801), as are two similar window-dials in the
Rectory, North-hill, Bedfordshire.
These had also been noticed by Mr. Arthur Young, in his "Six Weeks
Tour," and he gave particular praise to the painting of the fly. The dials were of green glass; on one
the fly was represented with two cherries before it, and the wings painted on
one side of the glass while the body and legs were on the other side, so as to
the spectator. The dials bore the mottoes Dum spectas fugio,
and Sic transit gloria mundi, and on one of them, "John Oliver,
fecit 1664." As the rectory at
North-hill had lately been rebuilt, and the paintings were described by Mr.
Britton as lying useless, it is probable that they no longer exist.
spectas fugio is on a window-dial described in the "Strand Magazine," in
1892, as being in Mr. E. P. Johnson's office, Derby. A bird and a fly are in the centre. It was made in 1888 by Frederick Drake,
Glazier, Exeter, and copied from one taken out of an old Devonshire manor
house. The same motto, with the
date 1739, was on one of four vertical dials which surmounted a short column standing
on a step in the garden of "The
Holmes," Rotherham. On the step is
inscribed the name of the maker, Saml. Walker, fecit. See No. 221.
spectas fugio may be read on a dial which adorns an old gabled entrance to
one of the canons' houses at Exeter.
It is supported by a small stone figure, and is placed between two
mullioned windows, above which is a medallion of Queen Elizabeth. Over the arched doorway is a coat of
arms, and the words "Vincit Veritas."
The motto is inscribed on a dial in the churchyard of Cranbrook, Kent,
with "John Hague and Ellis Troughton, 1855; on the farmhouse of Greenbury in
the parish of Scorton, Yorkshire, with "J. Fawcitt" 1751, the "i" in fugio being omitted by mistake. It was formerly on the market house at
King's Lynn, with Nos.
1167; and is still, we hope, at Ripley, in
Surrey (see No. 1002); and Thorp Perrow, with No. 1396. At Kirkby in Cleveland, a dial dated
1815 once bore it, but in 1887 the motto was found to be almost obliterated.
spectas fugio has also been read on Ingleton Church, Yorkshire; and on the
old tower of Willesden Church, with the date 1736.
||DUM SPECTAS FUGIT.
thou art looking (the hour) is flying.
Formerly on Felkirk Church, Yorkshire,
dated 1769, but in 1884 the dial had fallen to the ground in a gale. The motto is on the parish church,
Leighton Buzzard (see No. 101); and on St. Patrick's Church, Isle of Man (see
No. 864). It is also on
Heighington Church, co. Durham, with the additional work
hora; and on a house at Walsingham ending with
||DUM TEMPUS HABEMUS
While we have time let us do good. – Gal. vi. 10.
On the Convent of the Annunziata,
Florence; and with No. 1450 in the courtyard of the Evêché, Blois. Also on the south dial of the pillar at
Tytherton Kellaways, Wilts (see No. 1619), with the following paraphrase,
composed by the Rev. W. L. Bowles:
steals away; O man, this hour is lent thee,
work the work of Him who sent thee.
||DUM UMBRA FUGIT HOMO
TRANSIT ET DEUS EST.
While the shadow flees, man
passes, and God is.
On the church of La Ferté Bernard.
||DURENT IN TRISTITIA
VOLENT IN LÆTITIA.
In sadness let them long endure, in gladness
let them fly.
On a country house at Bas Vacon.
PERDUTTO TUTTO IL TEMPO CHE A NON
All that time is lost which is not spent in
Maison de Segrais, near Rives (Isère).
||ECCE ERAT VALDE
Behold, it was very good.
On the engraved title-page of
"Horologiographia Optica," by Sylvanus Morgan, 1652.
||ECCE MENSURABILES POSUISTI
DIES MEOS. 1801.
Behold, thou hast made my days as it were a span long. –
Psalm xxxix. 6.
On a chapel at Montagny, Savoy.
ECCO UN NULLA, O MORTAL, CHIAMAR TI PUOI,
MENTRE LA MORTE
ALTIERA, E'L TEMPO EDACE
MISURANO CON L'OMBRA I GIORNO TUOI. – Anon.
Well, mortal, may'st thou call thyself a
thing of nought,
lordly Death, and Time that eateth all,
thy span by fleeting shadows wrought.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche" as a
suitable motto for a dial on which is painted, "il Tempo e la Morte con lo
stilo in mano rappresentante uno scetro."
||ECCO DA DEBOL FIL SEGNATO IL TEMPO.
See what slender thread has marked the hour.
Casa Cecco, Via Pio Corsi, at Nizza,
||EDWARDUS FOVET UT SOL.
beneficent as the sun.
Quoted by Charles Leadbetter in his
"Mechanick Dialling," 1756, as on Christ's Hospital, and referring to Edward
VI., the founder of the school.
||EGO CERTAS, LILIA
FAUSTAS. I make the hours sure, the lilies make them
At Camurat (Aude), on a dial bearing
the arms of France.
||EGO REDIBO, TU
I shall return, thou never.
On the church of St. John the Baptist,
A quotation from Horace, Carm. II.
fugaces, Postume, Postume, labuntur anni."
At Sedbury Hall, near Richmond,
Yorkshire, there is a horizontal dial with stone pedestal attached to the sill
of the drawing-room window, with this touching motto engraved upon it. The same words are found on the plate
of a dial in the rectory garden, Copgrove, Yorkshire, with "Goodall, Tadcaster,
Also (as Dr. Doran tells us in his
"Life of the Rev. Dr. Young"), the author of the "Night Thoughts" set up a dial
in the rectory garden at Welwyn, Hertfordshire, with the motto, "Eheu,
fugaces," and a few nights afterwards thieves entered the garden, and proved
the wisdom of the poet's choice of a motto by carrying the dial away.
On the walls of the entrance tower of
Farnham Castle, the palace of the bishops of Winchester, there are two dials
which formerly bore the inscription, "Eheu, fugaces labuntur anni." Other mottoes, more appropriate to an
episcopal residence, have been substituted, as will be shown hereafter (see No.
The word "Eheu" could be traced in
1890 on a dial on Elwick Church, co. Durham; probably "fugaces" had once
completed the inscription.
||EHEU! DUM LOQUIMUR
FUGIT IRREPARABILE TEMPUS.
Alas! while we
speak, irretrievable time flies.
In the cloisters of the Capuchin
convent at Velletri.
||EHEU! QUAM FESTINAT
Alas! how the day flies onward.
At Les Avenières (Isère).
||ELAPSAS SIGNAT HORAS.
It marks the passing of the hours.
On an eighteenth century dial at
Chambéry, on the Archevêché.
||ELECTA VT SOL BEAT ORBEM SPLENDORE.
Bright as the Sun, she blesseth the earth with brightness.
STELLT DEINS LEBENS TAG ZU DIENST MARIA EIN,
These mottoes were read at Rosenheim, between 1860-70, one
SO WIRD DEIN LETZTE STUND IN TOD DIE BESTE SEIN.
Give the day of thy life to do Mary's behest,
So will thy last hour in death be the best.
above and one below a fresco of
the Blessed Virgin, who is represented as the crowned Queen of Heaven, against
a background of rays and with clouds beneath her feet. A scroll above bears the Latin line, in
which there is a chronogram giving the date MDCLLLV = 1755. The hour numerals and the German lines
are on a curling double scroll below.
||ELLES COULENT RAPIDEMENT
POUR CEUX QUI SONT DANS LA JOIE. L'an iv.
pass quickly for those who are happy.
At Izeaux (Isère). The date is year 4 of the
Republic = 1797.
||ELLE FUIT, HÉLAS!
Alas! it flies.
At Plampinet; also at Sachat (dated
1813), both in Dep. Hautes Alpes.
ELLE RÉGLE LA REPOS
At Villard St. Pancrace (Hautes Alpes).
SURTOUT ELLE APPELLE LA RÉFLEXION. 1840.
It governs rest and action,
all it causes reflection.
||EN ME REGARDANT, PENSE OÙ TU VAS,
ET D'OÙ TU VIENS CAR LA MORT TE SUIT PAS À
1841. Z. A. F.
Remember ye that mark my face
At Abriès, in the Vallée du Queyras
That Death's behind you pace by pace;
Whence are ye come, ye do not know
Nor whither afterwards you'll go.
EN REGARDANT L'HEURE QU'IL EST
At La Bessée, and at Le Poët (Haute
Alpes); and on the Church at Château Queyras (see No. 694).
LA MORT ET TIENS TOI PRÊT.
As the hour here you see
on death and ready be.
||EN REGARDANT VOUS
Whilst beholding you become old.
On the church at St. Nicholas (Haute
EN SUPRA VITA FUGAX
EN INFRA CERTA MORS:
HINC VIVERE DISCE
ILLINC DISCE MORI.
Lo, above is fleeting life:
These mottoes are quoted by Mr.
Leadbetter ("Mechanick Dialling," 1756), as being on the two faces of the dial
on St. Mary Overy's Church (now St. Saviour's), Southwark, which hung over the
burial ground. It was probably put
up after 1647, as there is no sign of it in Hollar's etching of that date. If not destroyed before 1822, it must
have been cleared away then, as the church was altered.
below is certain death.
the one learn to live,
the other learn to die.
||EN TOUTE ACTION PENSE À
In all thy doings think upon the end.
On the sanctuary of Notre Dame des
Vertus, at Peisey, Savoy. The
saying is from Thomas à Kempis.
||ENFANT, SOUVIENS-TOI QUE JE SERS
A MARQUER LE TEMPS
QUE TU PERDS.
Remember, child, that I mark the time which thou dost lose.
In the court of the college at
||EÒ GRATIORES EÒ BREVIORES.
The sweetest are the shortest.
At Annonay (Ardèche).
||ERIT LAPIS ISTE IN SIGNUM . MDCCIV . PAR TA PUISSANCE. That stone shall be for a sign. By Thy power.
On a small stone dial bought at
Cologne in 1885 by Mr. Lewis Evans.
A crown and the letters L. P. B. in a monogram are also engraved on the
ERRAR PUÒ IL FABBRO
At Graglia in Piedmont.
ERRAR PUÒ IL FERRO
IO MAI NON ERRO.
The maker may err
The iron may err
I never err.
'EPXETAI ΓAP NϒΞ.
A sketch of this dial was made by the
collector (Mrs. Gatty) at Abbotsford in 1839, where the pedestal stood outside
a small plantation near the house.
But the dial plate with its gnomon was gone; only two nails, which had
once served to fasten it, remained.
For the night cometh.
motto had been a prophecy; for
the dial's work was over, since it could henceforth record nothing, except that
the night was coming – which, indeed, had come as if in mockery of
itself. One could not help
thinking further of the night that came down upon Abbotsford when its
illustrious master was lost to the world.
The motto was also adopted by Dr.
Johnson, as we learn from the following passage in Boswell: "At this time I observed upon the
dial-plate of his (Dr. Johnson's) watch a short Greek inscription, taken from
the New Testament,
being the first words of our Saviour's solemn admonition to the improvement of
that time which is allowed to us to prepare for eternity – 'The night
cometh when no man can work.' He
sometime afterwards laid aside this dial plate, and when I asked him the
reason, he said, "It might do very well upon a clock which a man keeps in his
closet; but to have it upon his watch which he carries about with him and which
is looked at by others, might be censured as ostentatious.'" Croker adds in a note: "The
inscription, however, was made
unintelligible by the mistake of putting
νὺξ. We would observe that this error is quite sufficient to
account for the learned scholar putting aside his watch, and we know that he
did not always condescend to fully enlighten his shadow, "Bozzy," as to his
motives. It is also remarkable
that in both cases the word γαρ should have been introduced, for it is not in
the New Testament. Probably,
however, Sir Walter copied the passage from Johnson without referring to the
original. With the
beautiful candour which belongs to his character and marks the brief
autobiography prefixed to Lockhart's life of him, Sir Walter Scott confesses
that when he went to the college at Edinburgh he had no knowledge of the Greek
language, and adds, "I forgot the very letters of the Greek alphabet." His comment on his own ignorance cannot
be too often repeated: "If it should ever fall to the lot of youth to peruse
these pages, let such a reader remember that it was with the deepest regret
that I recollect in my manhood the opportunities of learning which I neglected
in my youth; that through every
part of my literary career I have felt pinched and hampered by my own ignorance;
and that I would at this moment give half the reputation I have had the good
fortune to acquire, if by so doing I could rest the remaining part upon a solid
foundation of learning and science."
The same quotation ᾽EPXETAI NϒΞ, rightly rendered, is to be found as a motto upon the plate of a
horizontal dial in the beautiful grounds of Dromore Castle, co. Kerry,
inscribed by the late owner, R. Mahony, Esq.,
in 1874, when the dial was
is with other mottoes on a dial at the House of Mercy, Horbury, Yorks. See No. 1629.
||ES OURO (C'EST
L'HEURE). It is time.
In the Provençal dialect, given by
Baron di Rivière, but without locality.
||EST DEO GRATIA.
Thanks are to God. EST REPOSITA
There is laid up a crown of righteousness (2 Tim. iv. 8).
(See illustration, p. 119.)
These mottoes, with Nos.
inscribed round the moulding above the capital of the dial pillar at Corpus
Christi College, Oxford. It stands
in the quadrangle, a pillar surmounted by a cubical capital, above which is a
pyramidal block of stone, with a dial face on each side, and this is crowned by
a pelican on a globe, the crest of the college. On the four sides of the cube are four coats of arms carved
in relief, viz.: (1) those of Bishop Fox, the founder of the College; (2) of Bishop Oldham; (3) of the University; (4) the Royal arms. In each case the scroll work round the
shield acts as a gnomon to a dial face engraved below it. On the cylindrical shaft there is a
fifth dial face, with a perpetual calendar engraved below it, and near the base
is another motto, HORAS OMNES COMPLECTA. The initials C. T. and two dates, 1581 and MDCV, the latter
date being probably that of the tables on the shaft, and the former that of the
construction of the dial by Charles Turnbull, a member of the college, a
Lincolnshire man, and the author of a treatise on the use of the celestial
globe. The dial is described in a
MS. work by Robert Hegge, written 1625-30, now in the College Library (see p. 119),
and his drawing is reproduced in the Rev. T. Fowler's "History of Corpus
Christi College." In this sketch
"the octagonal base of the cylinder rests on a platform and is approached by
four steps and surrounded with rails.
The present square pedestal is not figured." The pillar is said to have been regarded as "inconvenient,"
during the old days of threatened invasion, when the quadrangle was used as a
drilling ground, but happily it was not removed from its place and still stands
as a memorial of Turnbull's mathematical skill. The four mottoes on the pyramid are adapted from the
ESTEEM THY PRECIOUS TIME
An incorrect version of No. 1074, in
the same neighbourhood. The above
is on one face of a cube of stone, bearing three dials on the other three
faces, crowned with a ball and mounted on a stone column which stands on Wilton
Bridge, near Ross, Herefordshire.
It probably dates from the eighteenth century.
WHICH PASS SO SWIFT AWAY
PREPARE THEN FOR ETERNITY
AND DO NOT MAKE DELAY.
||ET LE RICHE ET LE PAUVRE ET
LA FAIBLE ET LE FORT,
VONT TOUS ÉGALEMENT
DES DOULEURS À
rich and the poor, the strong and the weak, all pass alike from sorrow to
On one of Zarbula's dials at
Ville-Vieille (Hautes Alpes).
||ET PILO SUA UMBRA.
Even the hair has its shadow.
A writer in "The Antiquary" (vii.
186), quoting from "The Gentleman's Magazine" (1811), on ancient bedsteads,
says: "There is at Hinckley a very
ancient oak bedstead, much gilt and ornamented with various panelled
compartments richly painted, with emblematical devices and Latin mottoes in
capital letters conspicuously introduced in each place.... Amongst them is "the representation of" a horizontal sun-dial with the above motto.
MIKPON XPONON TO
LITTLE WHILE IS THE LIGHT WITH YOU,
WALK WHILE YE HAVE THE LIGHT.
St. John, xii. 35.
The dial-plate from which these
inscriptions were copied was fixed on an old disused school-house at Aynho,
near Bicester. The sun is
represented as a full human face, with rays surrounding it, and the gnomon
forms the nose. In the centre are
the initials of the builder, "M.C.,"
"one Mary Cartwright," and the date of the building, 1671.
||EUNDO HORA DIEM DEPASCIT.
As it goes, the hour consumes the day.
Inscribed on a curious sun-dial in the
churchyard of Trellech, Monmouthshire (cp. No. 1334). It was erected in 1648 by Lady Maud Probert, widow of Sir
George Probert, and on three sides of the pedestal are represented in relief
the three marvels peculiar to the place, viz. (1) A
supposed to be of Roman origin, and above it the words "Magna moli" (Great in its mound"), "O quot hic
sepulti" ("O how many buried here"). (2) Three stone pillars (whence the
Tri-llech, the town of three
stones), with the inscription, "Major Saxis" ("Greater in its stones"), the height of the stones, – viz., 8 feet, 10 feet, 14 feet, – being also given, and the words, "Hic fuit victor Harald" ("Here was Harald victorious"). (3) A representation of the well of chalybeate water and two drinking cups with "Maxima fonte" ("Greatest in its spring"), and below, "Dom. Magd. Probert ostendit."
Trellech is supposed to have been
anciently a large town and place of importance. Tradition states that the pillars were erected by Harald to
commemorate a victory over the Britons, but they are known to have existed in
the seventh century, and are probably of Druidical origin. Nor does the tumulus cover the bodies
of the slain, as suggested by Lady Probert's inscription; it is simply in the
neighbourhood of the battlefield.
In later days it was surmounted by the keep of a castle belonging to the
Earl of Clare. The motto of the dial
was almost illegible in 1887. The
stone is described in "The Archæological Journal," xi. 129.
||EVERY DAY BRINGS
At Ballakilley, Isle of Man. See No. 1122.
||EVERY HOUR SHORTENS LIFE.
Was formerly on the church porch at
Barnard Castle, but at the restoration of the building the dial was removed and
laid by in the church tower. The
motto is also on a mural dial at "Turner's Hospital" at Kirkleatham, Yorkshire,
a noble charity founded at his birthplace by Sir William Turner, Lord Mayor of
London in 1699. The same motto is
on a dial on the church at St. Austell, Cornwall.
||EX HIS UNA TIBI.
Of these (hours) one is for thee.
On a church in Brittany; and in a
garden at Châtelaudren (Côtes du Nord).
Also at La Johadière (Loire Inférieure), where "tibi" is rendered "mihi."
||EX HOC MOMENTO
On this moment hangs eternity.
On an old gable in Lincoln's Inn there
was formerly a dial thus inscribed, which had been restored in 1840, and showed
the hours from 6 a.m. to 4 p.m.; but it was taken down in 1874 and could not be
replaced. A newspaper of 1812
informs us that a book was one morning found to have been suspended on the
gnomon by the hand of some wag.
When taken down, the volume proved to be an old edition of "Practice in
Chancery." The same motto is at
Sandhurst, Kent, "W Hawney fecit 1720"; at St. Budeaux, Cornwall; and was
formerly on Glasgow Cathedral. It
has also been read on a sometime seminary at Bourg d'Oisans, dated 1684.
||EX UNDIS EMERGUNT
From the waters they rise into the air.
In the Conservatoire des Arts et
Métiers, Paris; on a sculptured stone dial, probably intended for the centre of
TON KAIPON OTI AI HMEPAI ΠONHPAI EIΣI.
Redeeming the time because the days are evil. Eph. v. 16.
In the Albert Park,
Middlesbrough. See No. 97.
EXPECTO DONEC VENIAT
await the coming of my light, that I with the others may be strong to serve.
UT CUM ALIIS
This was inscribed on the north side
of a casket-shaped dial of brass silvered and gilt, which was offered for sale in
London, in 1898. It measured 4 in.
in height, x 8 1/2 x 6 in. at the base, and 5 1/2 x 3 1/2 in. at the lid. On the top and four sloping sides were
five dials, showing both the Italian and the ordinary hours, the gnomons
represented by boyish figures, and the shadow cast by an outstretched finger of
the hand. About the figures are
scrolls on which mottoes are engraved.
That on the south side is:
"Vespere cum eis pariter et mane in
eodem die ostendere non deferam."
evening, as the others do, and in the morning likewise, I shall not delay to
tell my tale.
On the east:
"A solis ortu usque ad meridiem
intervalla ipsa diei aeque denuncio."
sunrise till noon I announce at equal periods the divisions of the day.
On the west:
" (A') meridie usque ad solis occasum
itaque cum illa gradior."
the last my steps I take from noon to sunset.
In addition to these four mottoes
there are inscriptions inside the lid, and outside the hinged flap, giving the
initials of the maker, A. Æ. V., and the name of the owner, and the date, 1770:
"ad latitud Napolis Grad: 40, 50."
Also a description of the use of the instrument, and inside the casket
there is a compass and plumbline fastened to two cross bars.
||EXPLEBO NUMERUM REDDARQUE
TENEBRIS. I shall complete the number of my days, and
be restored to the shades.
From the "Æneid," vi. 545, inscribed
by the Rev. W. Tuckwell,
with other mottoes, on a dial
which he has placed in his garden, Waltham Rectory, Grimsby. See No. 559.
||EXPULSIS TENEBRIS RECREAT
Expelling the darkness, he revives the earth with his rays.
On the Campanile at Sori, Riviera de
||FAC DUM TEMPUS
OPUS. Work while it is day.
This, with other mottoes, is on an
octohedral dial-block in Mr. L. Evans' collection. There is no motto on the horizontal face at the top, and the
eighth side, on which the block rests, is plain. Each face measures 7 1/2
x 7 1/2 x 9 inches. It is of
French workmanship, of the first half of the seventeenth century. For the other mottoes see Nos. 395,
||FACCIAMO BENE ADESSO CHE ABBIAMO TEMPO.
we have time let us do good.
At the Trinitarian Convent on the
||FACTUS DIES HIC
The day that is done here let it
This has also been read as Lætus dies hic transeat, but the above
is probably the correct version, as the dial, which is horizontal, is on the
western side of the cloisters of the Certosa, Val d'Ema, near Florence; and
receives the last rays of the sun.
In 1889 the gnomon was no longer there. See No. 150.
FAIS CE QUE DOIS, ADVIENNE QUE POURRA,
Noted in "The Monthly Packet,"
October, 1886, but no locality assigned.
See No. 572.
L'HEURE EST À DIEU, L'ESPERANCE À TOUS.
that which thou oughtest, come what may;
hour belongs to God, hope to all.
||FAY ME LUM E T'Y BEYRAS.
(ECLAIR-MOI ET TU Y VERRAS.)
Shine upon me, and thou shalt
On the front of an inn at Rieucros
(Ariège). The dialect is
||FECIT SOLEM IN
He made the sun to rule by day. (Psalm cxxxvi.
Formerly on a house at Bruges.
||FELICIBUS BREVIS, MISERIS
HORA LONGA. The hour is short to the happy, long to
Copied in 1866 from a dial on a house
at Martigny. Time's hour-glass and
wings were painted above the dial.
Comp. No. 30.
||FELICIBUS BREVIS MISERIS
Short is life to the happy, to the wretched long.
At Paray le Monial. With four other mottoes. See No. 75.
||FELIX HARMONIA MANET SI TENDIMUS UNA
TEMPORA SI PHŒBUS MONSTRAT LINGUASQUE MINERVA,
THEMIS ET CIVES
happy harmony is maintained if we strive in unity, if Phœbus shows us the hour,
Minerva teaches tongues, and Themis instructs the citizens in the old law.
On the Rathhaus at Stolberg, in the
Harz. The dial dates from the
sixteenth century, but was repainted in 1723, the date being shown in a
chronogram, MDCCVVVVIII. The arms of the town are painted on the dial between the
figures of Minerva and Themis. The
town belongs to Count Stolberg,
whose castle stands on the hill above it.
||FERREA VIRGA EST,
The rod is of iron, the motion that of shadow.
The iron rod is, of course, the
gnomon. The motto was copied in
1861, and the last word was difficult to read;
motus has been supplied as the most probable reading, but Baron de
Rivière gives it as ictus. It was on a large vertical north dial on the archiepiscopal
palace which adjoins the cathedral of Chambéry. See No. 847.
||FERT OMNIA ÆTAS.
Time bears all away.
On the door of a farm, over the Manor
House at Lund, Yorks.; and at Vallouise.
See No. 133.
On a vertical dial on a house at
Deeping St. James, Lincolnshire;
at Inch House, Midlothian, on a dial which was formerly at Craigmillar
Castle (see No. 72); also on the Public
Library at Albi.
||FESTINA MOX NOX.
Hasten, the night (cometh) soon.
Noticed in the "Graphic" for Aug. 11,
1883, as on a sun-dial on the King's House, Thetford. This house was once a Royal Mint, and was afterwards
occupied by Queen Elizabeth and James I. successively.
(hour) hastens on.
Seen in North Italy by Mr. Howard
LUX. Let there be light. – Gen. i. 3.
At La Blanque, near Riaus, Provence.
||FIAT LUX, ET FACTA EST LUX,
FACTUSQUE EST VESPERE ET MANE DIES UNUS.
there be light and there was light:
and the evening and the morning were the first day. – Gen. i.
Seen at Courmayeur; and also at St. Didier, Val d'Aosta.
||FIGURATI SENTIR IL MIO RUMORE,
QUANDO L'OMBRA A TOCCARS' È
As on each hour my shade's about to fall,
Thou in thy mind shouldst hear my sounding call.
Given in "Notizie Gnomoniche."
||FILI CONSERVA TEMPUS.
My son, observe the opportunity. –
Ecclus. v. 20.
On the tower of San Stefani, Belluno,
with No. 904; also at Palermo; at Carenna; and on a house on the Superga, near
FILIA SOLIS EGO,
The daughter of the sun am I, an iron mother bore me,
GENUIT FERREA MATER,
SEQUOR ORE MATREM,
countenance I resemble my mother, in my movements my father.
At Montagny, Savoy. This motto seems to be uttered by the
shadow of the metal gnomon.
||FINIET UNA LABORES.
One (hour) will end our toils.
Recorded in "Bulletin Monumental,"
1883; no locality assigned.
||FINIS ITINERIS SEPULCHRUM.
The grave is the end of the
On the dial at Marrington Hall,
Shropshire. See No. 1394. The motto recalls the more hopeful
sentiment inscribed on Dean Alford's grave in St. Martin's Churchyard, Canterbury:
"Diversorium viatoris Hierosolymam
proficiscentis." The resting place of a traveller on his way
May the Church
"This dial was given by Mr. W. Buck,
minister here in anno 1697."
This inscription is over the church
porch at Kirkby Malzeard, Yorks.
Mr. Buck afterwards became Vicar of Marton-cum-Grafton, Yorks., and put
up a dial bearing the same motto, with his initials and date 1700, on the
chancel wall of that Church. When
the Church was rebuilt in 1873, the dial was removed to its present position on
the vestry chimney, and the iron gnomon having been broken, the Rev. J. R.
Lunn, then vicar, replaced it with a copper gnomon pierced with
his initials and the Sunday
Letter and Golden Number for the year of rebuilding. An older stone dial, possibly of the twelfth century, was
found in the old church, and has now been inserted in the wall inside the
At La Rivière (Isère).
||FORTE TUA. 1760. I. C. C.
Perhaps (this hour) is thine.
At Vallouise (Isère), also at Vars,
dated 1827, and at Les Orres (Hautes Alpes), 1831.
||FORTE ULTIMA 1825.
Perhaps (this hour is) the last.
At Vallouise (Isère).
||FORTUNA UT UMBRA
Good fortune fleeth like a shadow.
On a dial engraved in "Der unbetrügliche Stunden Weiser," by
J. H. Muller. Munich 1702.
||FROM THE RISING OF THE SUN TO THE GOING DOWN OF THE SAME THE LORD'S NAME IS TO BE PRAISED.
On the step of a dial at Linburn,
Midlothian, recently erected by Ebenezer Erskine Scott, Esq. See No. 45.
||FRONTE CAPILLATA, POST EST OCCASIA CALVA.
Opportunity has locks in front, and is bald behind. 1828.
This well-known line is inscribed on a
dial on the school-house at Guilsborough,
Northamptonshire. It is
quoted from "Disticharum de Moribus," lib. ii. D. xxv., written by Dionysius
Cato, who is supposed to have lived in the time of the Antonines, in the second
century. The lines are:
Rem tibi quam nosces aptam dimittere noli;
Sir Francis Bacon in his essay "Of
Delays," thus writes: "For occasion
(as it is in the common verse) turneth a bald noddle after she hath presented
her locks in front and no hold taken."
"Take Time by the forelock," is a proverb; and the conventional figure of Time represents an old man
bald, except for a tuft of hair on the crown of his head. Shakespeare recognizes the same idea:
Fronte capillatâ, post est occasio calva.
take the instant by the forward top;
we are old, and on our quick'st decrees
inaudible and noiseless foot of time
ere we can effect them."
Well that Ends Well, act v. sc. 3.
||FUERAT CUNCTA NOVANTHUS.
In the Proceedings of the Berwickshire
Naturalist's Club, 1885, there is a paper by Walter Laidlaw, Esq., on "Armorial
bearings and Inscriptions in Jedburgh and its vicinity," and in this Mr.
Laidlaw states: "On